Even if part of a circle is missing, the circle still retains its general properties. The radius of a circle is an essential variable of a circle. Measuring the distance from the origin, or center point, of the circle to its outer edge, also known as its circumference, the radius is instrumental in calculating the size of the circle. If the circle has a section of it cut away by a straight line, the radius of a large or small partial circle can be found through individual measurements.

## More than Half a Circle

Find two points on the circle's circumference that are the farthest from each other, and then draw a straight line connecting them.

Measure the length of the line. The line is the diameter. For example, the line is 8 centimeters.

Divide the diameter in half to find the circle's radius. For this example, 8 centimeters divided in two is 4 centimeters. The radius is 4 centimeters.

## Less than Half a Circle

- Ruler
- Pencil or pen
- Calculator

Measure the length of the straight edge of the partial circle and then square the length. The length of the straight edge is 7 centimeters, and the square of 7 is 49.

Draw a perpendicular line from the middle of the straight edge to the circumference and measure the length of the line. For this example, the line is 2 centimeters.

Multiply the length of the line measured in Step 2 by 8 and then divide that amount from the square calculated in Step 1. For this example, 2 multiplied by 8 equals 16, and 49 divided by 32 equals 3.0625.

Divide the length of the line measured in Step 2 in half and then add that number to the amount calculated in Step 3. For this example, 2 divided by 2 is 1 and 1 added to 3.0625 equals 4.0625. The radius is 4.0625 centimeters.

#### Things You'll Need

References

- "Basic Math and Pre-algebra"; Jerry Bobrow; 1995
- "The Complete Idiot's Guide to Geometry"; Denise Szecsei; 2004
- Math Open Reference: Radius of an Arc or Segment
- Cool Math: The Geometry of Circles

About the Author

Chance E. Gartneer began writing professionally in 2008 working in conjunction with FEMA. He has the unofficial record for the most undergraduate hours at the University of Texas at Austin. When not working on his children's book masterpiece, he writes educational pieces focusing on early mathematics and ESL topics.

Photo Credits

circles image by fafoutis from Fotolia.com